Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings · Uncategorized

(Summary) H.L.A Hart- Are there any Natural Rights (1955)

Hart’s argument is as follows: if there are any moral rights at all, then it follows that there must be at least one natural right: equal right to freedom. What is a natural right? Rights we have because we are human insofar as we are capable of choice. They are not created by our voluntary… Continue reading (Summary) H.L.A Hart- Are there any Natural Rights (1955)

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings

(Review) The Principles (?) of Effective Altruism

The logic of Effective Altruism is plain and simple: that if it is in your capacity to save someone and it carries a small moral cost to you, you should do what you can to help, and as effectively as possible. The problems of EA, however, stem not from the formulation of such a principle,… Continue reading (Review) The Principles (?) of Effective Altruism

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings

(Summary) Scott Wisor- Against shallow ponds: an argument against Singer’s approach to global poverty (2011)

Problems with Singer’s line of thinking The argument itself is not the problem. Rather it is the way of thinking associated with it, which generates a form of “Shallow Pond thinking” which treats the issues of global poverty as simplistic as in the Pond Analogy. Transferred to the global context, the analogy neglects the agency of the… Continue reading (Summary) Scott Wisor- Against shallow ponds: an argument against Singer’s approach to global poverty (2011)

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings

(summary) Amia Srinivasan- “Stop the Robot Apocalypse” book review (2015)

MacAskill and Effective Altruism Qalys (Quality Adjusted Life Years), which factors into consideration life quality and expectancy, attempts to compare things we normally cannot conceptualise (e.g. comparing the impacts of AIDS relief vs Blindness). MacAskill proposes thinking beyond that- we should think marginally and counter-factually too. To think marginally because you want to maximise the value of your contribution… Continue reading (summary) Amia Srinivasan- “Stop the Robot Apocalypse” book review (2015)

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings · Uncategorized

Summary of Peter Singer’s intro to Effective Altruism

What is it? Doing the most good we can, going beyond our current moral expectations. To make a difference to the world. To enrich yourselves. Many millenials have taken this approach and adopted a modest lifestyle, donating a large part of income to the most effective charities. Based on effectiveness over emotional baggage. For example- not the Make a Wish foundation which is quite… Continue reading Summary of Peter Singer’s intro to Effective Altruism

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings

(Summary) Peter Singer- Famine, Affluence and Morality (1972)

Context:  The question of the moral principles behind giving aid is raised following a crisis in Bengal, with little response on individual and governmental levels from the west. Singer argues this is morally problematic. Argument P1. Suffering, death, famine etc. are bad. P2. If it is in one’s power to prevent something bad, without sacrificing anything of… Continue reading (Summary) Peter Singer- Famine, Affluence and Morality (1972)