Kant · Uncategorized

The Transcendental, the Empirical and the Real

The Transcendental and the Empirical What is Empirical is the what is from the human standpoint, that is, appearances. The Transcendental, on the other hand, is the adoption of a standpoint of enquiry into the conditions of possibility. The distinction is one of things as they appear  to cognition and things in relation to cognition. The Transcendentally… Continue reading The Transcendental, the Empirical and the Real

Kant

The Problem of Reality and the a priori intuitions

The Problem of Reality (Gardner) Namely, how are object brought about to us?? It cannot be the case that an independent reality simply impresses itself upon us, for that presupposes that the mind is appropriately connected to reality, which could transform this independent reality into representations. Nor could it be the other way round: the… Continue reading The Problem of Reality and the a priori intuitions

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(Summary) Beetham- Economic and Social Rights (1995)

A chapter from Beetham’s book Politics and Human Rights Traditionally, Social and Economic rights have been considered less important, for lacking universality and being less fundamental.  They have been politically unwelcome for states, for it requires redistribution to the poor. Things have only worsened since 1980’s for two reasons:a) Growth of Intl Economy, with deregulation and cutting… Continue reading (Summary) Beetham- Economic and Social Rights (1995)

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(Summary) Jeremy Waldron- Rights in Conflict (1989)

Do rights come into conflict? If so, how should we resolve them? Three points If rights are understood along the lines of Joseph Raz’s interest theory, they will come into conflict. Rights generate a multiplicity of duties, not singular The complexions created by (2) Competing Conception of Rights Obviously, the conception of rights have implications… Continue reading (Summary) Jeremy Waldron- Rights in Conflict (1989)

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(Summary) Waldron’s Critique of Constitutional Rights

When we say we have rights, do we necessarily mean that they have to be constitutional rights? Is that even desirable? Is there necessarily a connection from moral to legal rights? Is it the true that when we talk of rights, the moral “ought” is the same as the legal “ought”? First of all, declarations… Continue reading (Summary) Waldron’s Critique of Constitutional Rights

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings · Uncategorized

(Summary) H.L.A Hart- Are there any Natural Rights (1955)

Hart’s argument is as follows: if there are any moral rights at all, then it follows that there must be at least one natural right: equal right to freedom. What is a natural right? Rights we have because we are human insofar as we are capable of choice. They are not created by our voluntary… Continue reading (Summary) H.L.A Hart- Are there any Natural Rights (1955)

Global Justice and Citizenship- Readings

(Review) The Principles (?) of Effective Altruism

The logic of Effective Altruism is plain and simple: that if it is in your capacity to save someone and it carries a small moral cost to you, you should do what you can to help, and as effectively as possible. The problems of EA, however, stem not from the formulation of such a principle,… Continue reading (Review) The Principles (?) of Effective Altruism